Total Lunar Eclipse and Supermoon


Sunday, January 20, Totality at 9:12 p.m. PST

Where: Total eclipse visible in North and South America and western parts of Europe and Africa

Target Audience: General Public

Overview: Viewers in North and South America, as well as those in western parts of Europe and Africa, will be able to watch one of the sky’s most dazzling shows on Jan. 20, 2019, when the Sun, Earth and Moon align at 9:12 p.m. PST, creating a total lunar eclipse. The full moon will also be at its closest point to Earth in its orbit, called perigee. While at perigee, the Moon appears slightly bigger and brighter from our perspective on Earth, so it’s often referred to as a “supermoon.” But does it really look as super as some say?

Check out these Teachable Moments from NASA/JPL Edu to find out how to watch a lunar eclipse and see what causes them to occur – plus learn more about supermoons and what to expect when one comes around.


Philipsburg, Sint Maarten

Total lunar eclipse visible
Magnitude: 1.1953
Duration:5 hours, 11 minutes, 33 seconds
Duration of totality: 1 hour, 1 minute, 58 seconds
Penumbral begins: Jan 20, 2019 at 10:36:29 pm
Partial begins: Jan 20, 2019 at 11:33:54 pm
Full begins: Jan 21, 2019 at 12:41:17 am
Maximum:Jan 21, 2019 at 1:12:14 am
Full ends:Jan 21, 2019 at 1:43:15 am
Partial ends:Jan 21, 2019 at 2:50:39 am
Penumbral ends:Jan 21, 2019 at 3:48:02 am
The animation shows what the eclipse approximately looks like in Philipsburg. Stages and times of the eclipse are outlined below. All times are local time (AST) for Philipsburg.

January 20–21, 2019 — Total Lunar Eclipse — Philipsburg

Time Phase Event Direction Altitude
10:36 pm Sun, Jan 20
Penumbral Eclipse begins The Earth’s penumbra start touching the Moon’s face. Map direction East79°


11:33 pm Sun, Jan 20
Partial Eclipse begins Partial moon eclipse starts – moon is getting red. Map direction East-northeast75°


12:41 am Mon, Jan 21
Total Eclipse begins Total moon eclipse starts – completely red moon. Map direction West-northwest298°


1:12 am Mon, Jan 21
Maximum Eclipse Moon is closest to the center of the shadow. Map direction West-northwest283°


1:43 am Mon, Jan 21
Total Eclipse ends Total moon eclipse ends. Map direction West280°


2:50 am Mon, Jan 21
Partial Eclipse ends Partial moon eclipse ends. Map direction West279°


3:48 am Mon, Jan 21
Penumbral Eclipse ends The Earth’s penumbra ends. Map direction West280°



This total lunar eclipse is fully visible in Philipsburg. The total lunar eclipse is sometimes called a blood moon, as the Moon turns red.